Hawa Mahal (English translation: “Palace of Winds” or “Palace of the Breeze”) may be a palace in Jaipur, India. it’s made of red and pink arenaceous rock. The palace sits on the sting of town Palace, Jaipur, and extends to the zenana, or women’s chambers.
The structure was in-built 1799 by maharajah Sawai Pratap Singh. He was thus galvanized by the distinctive structure of Khetri Mahal that he designed this grand and historical palace. it absolutely was designed by Lal Chand Ustad. Its distinctive five-storey exterior is admire the honeycomb of a beehive with its 953 little windows known as jharokhas embellished with Byzantine framing. the initial intent of the lattice style was to permit royal women to watch standard of living and festivals celebrated within the street below while not being seen, since that they had to adapt the strict rules of “purdah”, that forbade them from showing publicly while not face coverings. This branch of knowledge feature additionally allowed cool air from the Venturi result to experience, therefore creating the complete space additional pleasant throughout the high temperatures in summer. many of us see the Hawa Mahal from the road read and assume it’s the front of the palace, however actually it’s the rear of that structure.
In 2006, restoration and renovation works on the Mahal were undertaken, once a niche of fifty years, to convey a face raise to the monument at associate calculable value of Rs 4568 million. the company sector season a hand to preserve the historical monuments of Jaipur and also the fund of Asian country has adopted Hawa Mahal to take care of it. The palace is associate extended a part of a large advanced. The stone-carved screens, little casements and arched roofs area unit a number of the options of this common traveler spot. The monument additionally has finely modelled hanging cornices. Like many alternative monuments of Jaipur, the palace is additionally made exploitation arenaceous rock.
The palace may be a five-storey pyramidical formed monument that rises fifty feet (15 m). the highest 3 floors of the structure have the dimension of one space, whereas the primary and second floors have patios before of them. The front elevation, as seen from the road, is sort of a honeycomb with little portholes. every porthole has miniature windows and incised arenaceous rock grills, finials and domes. It offers the looks of a mass of semi-octagonal bays, giving the monument its distinctive façade. The inner face on the rear facet of the building consists of chambers designed with pillars and corridors with least ornamentation, and reach up to the highest floor. the inside of the mahal has been delineate as “having rooms of various colored marbles, mitigated by adorned panels or gilding; whereas fountains adorn the centre of the courtyard”
The entry to the Hawa Mahal from town palace facet is thru associate imperial door. It opens into an oversized court, that has double high-rise buildings on 3 sides, with the Hawa Mahal intromission it on the side. associate archeological repository is additionally housed during this court.
Hawa Mahal was additionally called the chef-d’œuvre of maharajah Jai Singh because it was his favorite resort thanks to the magnificence and inbuilt interior of the Mahal. The cooling result within the chambers, provided by the breeze passing through the little windows of the façade, was increased by the fountains provided at the centre of every of the chambers.